Nashik is a city in the northwest region of Maharashtra in India, and is the administrative headquarter of the Nashik District and Nashik Division.
The city is situated at the foothills of the Western Ghats mountains on the banks of the river Godavari. At 700 m (2,300 ft) above sea level, its elevation is highest among the major cities in Maharashtra and one of the highest among million plus cities in India.
Nashik is in northern Maharashtra at 700 m (2,300 ft) from the mean sea level. The river Godavari originates 24 km (15 mi) from Brahmagiri Mountain, Trimbakeshwar, Nashik and flows along the northern boundary of the city through the old residential settlement. The river had been dying at an alarming rate due to pollution created by factories. But it has been successfully cleaned. Other than Godavari, important rivers like Vaitarana, Bhima, Girana, Kashyapi and Darana flow across Nashik.
Nashik lies on the western edge of the Deccan Plateau which is a volcanic formation. All over the district, lime nodules and kankar are found. Jalgaon and Aurangabad are to the east of Nashik. Ahmadnagar lies to the south while Thane and part of Gujrat are to the west of Nashik.[not in citation given]
Trimbakeshwar is about 30 km (19 mi) from the city, it is where from river Godavari originates. The land area of the city is about 259.13 km2 (100.05 sq mi)
Nashik city is governed by the Nashik Municipal Corporation.
The Nashik Court Building is built in black stone in British Regime and the new building was inaugurated on 18 September 2005. There are 73 courts including taluka court.
According to the Census of India, 2011, Nashik had a population of 14,86,973. Males constitute 7,84,995 of the population and females 7,01,978. Out of Nashik urban population is 15,62,769 in which 8,24,641 are males and 7,38,128 are females. Nashik city had an average literacy rate of 90.96%: male literacy was 94.96%, and female literacy was 86.51%.
The sex ratio is 894 per 1000 males for Nashik city. Child sex ratio is 865 girls per 1000 boys. In Nashik, 11.42% of the population is under 6 years of age. In census year 2001 the Nashik Urban Agglomeration had a population of 11,52,326. Thus it was the fourth largest urban area of Maharashtra State after Mumbai, Pune and Nagpur. The projected population of Nashik urban agglomeration (which includes abutting urban areas like Deolali) as on 11 November 2012 is 15,62,769.
Points of interest
Panchavati has significant religious attributes for Hindus with a temple complex on the bend of the Godavari river, which includes Kalaram Temple. It is a pilgrimage site, with the Kumbh Mela, the largest peaceful gathering in the world – involving over 10 crore people in 2013, taking place here once every 12 years in rotation with Haridwar, Allahabad, and Ujjain.
Panchavati was the name of a section in the huge forest of Dandakaranya, where Rama with the help of his brother Lakshmana built a nice hut they could call a home in what would eventually become the crucial part of their exile in the wilderness. Panchavati literally means "a garden of five banyan trees". These trees are said to have been there during the exile of Lord Rama. There is a place called Tapovan where Lakshmana, the brother of Rama, cut off the nose of Surpanakha, the sister of Ravana, when she attempted to kill Sita. The entire Aranya Kanda (book of the forest) of Ramayana is set in Panchavati.
Ramkund is a holy place for Hindus. Devotees believe that a dip in this tank will fulfil their wishes. According to the epic Ramayana, Lord Rama used to bathe in this tank during his stay in Nashik.
Muktidham is on Nashik road. This temple with intricate architecture was constructed out of white marble. It has carvings of 18 chapters from the Bhagawad Gita, believed to be the great Indian religious text, 12 Jyotirlinga and idols of Hindu deities.
Kalaram Temple is dedicated to Lord Rama. The meaning of 'kalaram' is black Rama.
Sundarnarayan Temple is on the corner of Ahillyabai Holkar bridge. This temple was built in 1756 by Chandrachud. The sanctum sanctorum houses the idol of Lord Vishnu. It is built in so that the very first rays of the sun falls on the deity of Lord Vishnu.
The holy bath tank known as Kushavarta is 5 minutes from the main temple. This Kushvarta holds greater importance during the Kumbhmela shahi snan. At Kushavarta river Ganga takes route to the rest of the India. The origin of this river Ganga named here as Godavari is at top of the Bramhagiri hill. This holy pond is always full with Godavari water, never dries up and no body knows from where the water comes into the pond and forms the river.
Dugarwadi waterfall is situated on Godavari river near Trimbakeshwar and 30 km away from Nashik. Known as one of the most beautiful natural waterfall in Maharashtra.
This is one of the oldest temples dedicated to Lord Shiva and Lord Hanuman. This place is 6 km from Nashik on the road to Gangapur. The temple is on the banks of the Godavari river.
It is one of the oldest temples in Nashik. There is no icon of Nandi (bull) in this temple which is an uncommon for the temples of Lord Shiva.
ISKCON temple, Nashik is dedicated Sri Sri Radha Madangopal.
The coin museum in Nashik houses a huge collection of coins, replicas, line drawings, articles and photographs of coins from manys eras and kingdoms in Indian history.
Deolali cantonment falls under Nashik district. It was established in 1869. Army Staff College, now the Defence Services Staff College of India, and the Command Staff College of Pakistan were originally located in Deolali.
Veer Savarkar Smarak, Bhagur
The freedom fighter Swatantrya Veer Vinayak Damodar Savarkar was born in Bhagur. Hence it has gained historical importance.
Nandur Madhmeshwar Bird Sanctuary
Nandur Madhmeshwar Bird Sanctuary is situated at Niphad Tehsil of Nashik district and is famous for its many resident as well as migratory birds species.
Pragati Aerospace Museum
Pragati Aerospace Museum is also known as HAL aerospace museum. It is situated at Ozar, Nashik District. It showcases the history of HAL in pictorial form. Also some models of air-crafts built by HAL for Indian Air Force are kept in museum.
Dadasaheb Phalke Smarak
Dadasaheb Phalke Smarak is a very good memorial to the legendary film-maker Dadasaheb Phalke . This garden is situated on the Nashik-Mumbai highway at the foot of Pandavleni Caves. It also includes place for meditation,conference hall and also an exhibition center with a beautiful fountain.
Ramshej Fort is 10 km from Nashik near Pindori village.The literal translation of Ramshej is 'Ram's bedstead'. According to Indian mythology Lord Rama used to rest on this fort. The fort is flat and on open ground. Trees around the fort are also mild. The fort also has historical significance.
Trigalwadi fort is 3000 ft above sea level. There is temple of Lord Hanuman nearly to it. There is also a Trigalwadi Lake. It takes almost 1 hour to see spots on the fort.
Harihar Fort is derived by the name Harshgad. Its highest point is 1,120 metres above sea level. It is famous for its cliff for chimney-style climbing and its named as Scottish Fall
Gangapur Dam is on the river Godavari near Gangawadi village and is Asia's largest earthen dam, Nashik.
Chankapur dam which is on the Girna river is one of the big dams built by the British in the 19th century. It is 3 km from the village Abhona in Kalwan tehsil and 60 km from Nashik.
Kashypi Dam is on the Kashypi river near Rajapur, Nashik.
Girna Dam is an earthfill type of dam on river Girna near Nandgaon, Nashik District.
Darna Dam is a gravity dam on Darna river near Igatpuri, Nashik district.
Main article: Nashik-Trimbakeshwar Simhastha
Nashik hosts one of the largest religious gatherings in the world known as Maha Kumbh. The Ardh (half) Kumbh Mela is celebrated every six years at Haridwar and Allahabad and the Purna (complete) Kumbh takes place every twelve years at four places in Allahabad, Haridwar, Ujjain, and Nashik. According to the Puranas, it is believed that Kumbh derives its name from an immortal pot of nectar, which the devtas (Gods) and demons fought over. The four places where the nectar fell are at the banks of river Godavari in Nashik, river Kshipra in Ujjain, river Ganges in Haridwar and at the sangam of Ganges, Yamuna and Sarswati in Allahabad.
Shahi Marg, the path which sadhus follow to the banks of Godavari for the holy bath, stretches from Tapovan via Nag Chowk, Kalaram Temple and Sardar Chowk. In the 2003 Kumbhmela 29 pilgrims were killed at Sardar Chowk in a stampede. In 2015, to avoid such accidents NMC planned to widen the road from 9 metres to 15 metres in some area.
Maharashtra university of health science(MUHS) is in Nashik, this is the centralised university governing the medical, dental, homoeopathic, ayurvedic and allied courses of Maharashtra.
In early 1925, the table grape revolution was started in Ojhar, a small town near Nashik, by Mr. Raosaheb Jairam Krishna Gaikwad. Today, table grapes are exported to Europe, the Middle East, and Asia.
The average Kharip crop area is 663,200 hectares while the average Rabbi crop area is 136500 hectares. The sown area is 658,763 hectares (99%) and the forest land is 340,000 hectares (21.75%). The uncultivable area is 23,000 hectares (1.48%).
Solid waste management
In the Nashik Municipal Corporation area about 225 MT of solid waste is generated per day. Unlike other Indian cities, this garbage is collected by vehicles titled 'Ghantagadi' (meaning the vehicle with a bell): a system which has resulted in a 'garbage dump free' city. Smaller versions of the ghantagadi ply in the congested old city areas. A plant has been set by the Nashik Municipal Corporation near Pandav Leni (Pandavleni Caves) to process the garbage and convert into compost.
Rain water harvesting
The Nashik Municipal Corporation has made it mandatory for new constructions in the city to install a rainwater harvesting system without which a completion certificate is not granted. This measure is expected to help recharge the aquifers and augment the groundwater level.